Dog Training Tips: How to Socialize Your Puppy
Dog training and socialization are important in ensuring you have a happy, confident, and well-behaved puppy. However, many pet owners wonder when to go about socializing their puppy or how to begin. Below are a few dog training tips Houston dog owners should know when they want to socialize their dogs the right way.
When Should I Socialize My Puppy?
During its first three months of life, your puppy experiences a socialization period that permanently shapes its future personality. Moreover, this also helps to shape how they react to their environment as an adult dog. When you’re lucky enough to have a puppy this early on, gently expose them to a wide variety of situations, places, and people. Doing so makes a huge difference in the dog’s temperament.
Should you choose to buy a puppy from a responsible breeder, this process should start before you bring the puppy home. A good breeder will gently handle the puppy in their first few weeks and help them develop a friendly and confident demeanor. As early as 3 weeks, puppies begin to approach people who passively observe them. Encouraging positive interactions with adults and children will help to shape their future behavior.
Socialization is an incredibly important part of dog training for all the reasons we’ve mentioned so far. You should socialize your puppy so that they become acclimated to different sights, sounds, and smells. Proper socialization prevents dogs from becoming fearful of children or riding in care. Also, it helps them become a well-mannered and happy companion for you and your family.
Having a well-adjusted, confident dog could even save its life. The American Veterinary Society of Animal Behavior has found that improper socialization potentially leads to problems in adult dogs. Their official statement reads: “Behavioral issues, not infectious diseases, are the number one cause of death for dogs under three years of age.”
Once your veterinarian says it is safe, start to take your dog out to public places. When you do, they will learn to behave in a variety of situations. Likewise, they’ll be able to enjoy interacting with different people.
Dog Training: How to Socialize a Puppy
As we said earlier a responsible breeder will start the socialization process early by allowing them to explore their surroundings in a positive way. However, when you adopt a rescue dog or when the puppy comes home with you, this crucial socialization period continues. Here are a few dog training tips on how you can socialize your puppy to become a happy and confident dog:
- Positive Reinforcement: Praise and treats will go a long way throughout the socialization and dog training process to help them to associate their experiences with something positive. For puppies, you’ll want to break the treats into pieces so that they are easier to digest. Dogs can read emotions, so try to keep yours in check. For example, if you’re nervous or stressed as you introduce your puppy to an older dog, it can make your puppy nervous, too, leading it to be fearful of other dogs.
- New Sights, Sounds, and Smells: For a puppy, the whole world is new and unusual, so consider every interaction an opportunity for a positive association. Think of as many different people, places, textures, and noises as you can to expose your puppy to. For instance, have them walk on carpet, tile, and other types of floors, or have them meet someone using a cane, children, people with facial hair, people holding umbrellas, etc.
- Puppy Training Classes: When your puppy starts vaccinations, they can start puppy group classes. These classes help your puppy understand basic dog training commands. Moreover, they expose your dog to other dogs and people. Skilled trainers will mediate the classes so that everyone is safe and happy throughout the process.
Dog Training Tips for Nervous Puppy Owners
It’s okay to be nervous when you begin to socialize a puppy. Many owners worry about puppies because they are so curious and so vulnerable. If you’re unsure of how to socialize your puppy, here are a few small ways you can slowly implement the process.
- Start with Family: Having different people involved in the socialization process continuously moves them out of their comfort zone. However, to help you out of your comfort zone, you may want to begin with the people most familiar to you. You can also make it a fun game for any children in your family. Allow them to play with the puppy in a particular way or having them write down all of the things the puppy experienced.
- Baby Steps: Avoid doing too much too fast. This will be helpful for the puppy and yourself. For example, if you want your puppy to be comfortable being handled by multiple people they don’t know, start with a few family members and slowly integrate new people over time. Too much too soon can be overwhelming for the puppy and result in a fear of groups and strangers.
- Go Public: When your puppy is comfortable with a small number of stimuli, start moving outside of the comfort zone and expanding their experiences. Change the route of your walks or arrange a puppy playdate. At 7-10 days after a full series of vaccinations, it’s usually safe to take your puppy to a dog park. Check with your vet to be sure, and follow the safety protocols established by the dog park.
Dog Training at Dogtopia Houston-Galleria
If you are in the Galleria, River Oaks, Midtown, Heights, Bellaire, Katy, Sugarland area, or any other part of Houston, TX, Dogtopia can help with any dog training questions you may have. Whether you want to set your puppy up for success or would like to socialize them at our dog daycare, we can help. We understand how to work with your dog to correct bad behavior and foster more positive dog behaviors. Our dog trainers work with many clients on behavioral dog training, helping to bring positive changes to their dogs.